Illustration depicting cloud storage.

Glossary

A

Application (Web)

A program that performs a specific function and is accessible via a remote server and over the Internet.

App integration

The merging of two applications taken from disparate systems.

Artificial intelligence

A facet of computer science where machines are able to demonstrate intelligence similar to human intelligence—making decisions, recognizing speech, performing translations, and improving over time.

B

Backup and recovery

The process of storing copies of data, which can be accessed in the event of data loss.

Business metric

Something quantifiable that can be used to determine the success of a business process.

C

Cloud computing

Generally used to describe data centers, which can be accessed over the Internet.

Cloud drive

Storage space available on a remote server.

Cloud migration

Moving data or other elements to a cloud computing environment.

D

Data center

A dedicated space used to house computer systems and/or server farms.

Data compliance

Using processes to ensure data is handled in a way that meets federal, state, and local regulations, guidelines, and mandates.

I

Infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS)

A virtualized infrastructure.

M

Middleware

The software between the operating system and the applications it runs.

P

Platform-as-a-service (PaaS)

Virtualized platforms often utilized for software development.

S

Server farm

A group of networked servers placed in the same location.

Software-as-a-service (SaaS)

Software that is available and managed over the web.

Scalability (in computing)

The ability of computing processes to increase their input and output as needed.

V

Vendor

A company offering a product or service for sale.

Virtualization

A virtual replication of a computing system. Multiple instances can also be run on one computer, simultaneously.